The average 70 kg (154 lb) person has roughly 15 grams of hyaluronan in the body, one-third of which is turned over (degraded and synthesized) every day.Hyaluronic acid is also a component of the group A streptococcal extracellular capsule,and is believed to play a role in virulence.
Hyaluronic Acid could be used in eye surgery, such as corneal transplantation, cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, and surgery to repair retinal detachment.
Hyaluronic Acid can also be used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. They are administered as a course of injections into the knee joint, which are believed to supplement the viscosity of the joint fluid, thereby lubricating the joint, cushioning the joint, and producing an analgesic effect.
Hyaluronic Acid has also been used in the synthesis of biological scaffolds for woundhealing applications. These scaffolds typically have proteins such as fibronectin attached to the Hyaluronic Acid to facilitate cell migration into the wound.
Hyaluronic Acid is also used in antiadhesive products, which are widely used in pelvic and abdominal surgery to prevent postoperative adhesions.
Hyaluronic Acid's specification
Soluble in water, practically insoluble in acetone and in anhydrous ethanol.